Beyond inactivity and unhealthy diet: how should we address obesity in 2015?

Last modified by Support on 2016/03/31 10:32

Synopsis

It is a common assumption that the positive energy balance underlying obesity is attributable to excess energy intake and insufficient energy expenditure. Thus, physical inactivity and unhealthy diet are the “Big Two” on which almost all preventive and therapeutic programs for obesity are focused. However, attempts to prevent or manage obesity based on these traditional risk factors have been generally unsuccessful, and the obesity crisis rages on. Recent research has emphasized that other, less obvious factors may also affect energy balance (e.g. insufficient sleep, mental stress, persistent organic pollutants etc.). These new determinants of obesity have received less research attention mainly because they do not have a caloric value per se (unlike food and physical activity). However, they are very common in today’s world and can significantly impact appetite and body weight control, thereby leading to weight gain. This presentation will argue that health practitioners and clinicians need to consider a broader range of influential factors and should target the root causes of the problem to more adequately address the obesity epidemic.

Resources

Presentation Slides

Presenter

PhotoJPCHAPUT.jpgJean-Philippe Chaput, Ph.D.
Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research Group
Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute

Dr. Chaput is a research scientist at the Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute and an Assistant Professor in the Department of Pediatrics at the University of ttawa (Canada). His research focuses on obesity prevention and the adoption of a healthy lifestyle. He is also interested in new determinants of obesity such as lack of sleep and mental stress. Dr. Chaput has published more than 170 peer-reviewed scientific articles (h-index of 25) and has contributed to a large number of conferences around the world. He received several awards for his research, including the Roger Broughton Young Investigator Award from the Canadian Sleep Society (2015), the International Journal of Obesity New Faculty Award from World Obesity (2014), the New Investigator Award from the Canadian Obesity Network (2011), the New Investigator Award from the International Association for the Study of Obesity (2010) and the Ethan Sims Young Investigator Award from The Obesity Society (2005).

Created by Ann Watkins on 2015/10/26 16:33